International Journal of Environmental Health Engineering

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-

Determination of heavy metals concentration in drinking water of rural areas of Divandarreh County, Kurdistan Province: Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risk assessment


Esmail Ghahramani1, Afshin Maleki3, Bahram Kamarehie2, Reza Rezaee4, Mohammad Darvishmotevalli3, Faramarz Azimi2, Mohammad Amin Karami2, Hadi Rezaiee4 
1 Environmental Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Department, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran and Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
3 Research Center For Health, Safety And Environment (RCHSE), Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
4 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Health Network of Sanandaj, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Amin Karami
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad
Iran

Aims: This study was aimed at the evaluation of heavy metals in the drinking water of the rural area of Divandarreh city and the assessment of carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risks. Materials and Methods: In the present work, concentration of four heavy metals in drinking water resource in the rural area of Divandarreh County were evaluated. For these aim, the numbers of 29 samples were collected from rural drinking water resources, and the concentration of heavy metals was determined. In addition, carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic risk assessment was conducted in children and adults as target groups. Results: The level of Cd was higher than the WHO drinking water Standard. The average amount of target hazard quotient for heavy metals through ingestion in children and adults were in the order of Cd > Cr > Pb > Ni. The total hazard quotient hazard quotients (HQ ing + HQ derm) in children group was higher than the limit set by the USEPA (hazard index = 1.68), indicating probable noncarcinogenic risk to this group through consumption of water. Conclusion: Based on the obtained data, the carcinogenic risk for all of the heavy metals were higher than the permissible standard. The obtained data can be useful for managers and the water and wastewater department regarding the improvement of drinking water quality.


How to cite this article:
Ghahramani E, Maleki A, Kamarehie B, Rezaee R, Darvishmotevalli M, Azimi F, Karami MA, Rezaiee H. Determination of heavy metals concentration in drinking water of rural areas of Divandarreh County, Kurdistan Province: Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risk assessment.Int J Env Health Eng 2020;9:14-14


How to cite this URL:
Ghahramani E, Maleki A, Kamarehie B, Rezaee R, Darvishmotevalli M, Azimi F, Karami MA, Rezaiee H. Determination of heavy metals concentration in drinking water of rural areas of Divandarreh County, Kurdistan Province: Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risk assessment. Int J Env Health Eng [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 11 ];9:14-14
Available from: http://www.ijehe.org/article.asp?issn=2277-9183;year=2020;volume=9;issue=1;spage=14;epage=14;aulast=Ghahramani;type=0